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๐—–๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฑ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ฑ ๐—š๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฎ: ๐—” ๐—–๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜

January is G๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฎ ๐—”๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต. Also known as the "silent thief of sight," glaucoma can affect anyone, including the young and innocent. While less frequent compared to adults, childhood glaucoma poses a significant threat to a child's developing vision. Luckily, early detection and intervention are crucial to preserve precious eyesight. Glaucoma is characterized by progressive optic nerve damage due to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), presents a unique and significant challenge in pediatric ophthalmology. This insidious condition arises from impaired aqueous humor drainage within the anterior chamber, leading to a gradual increase in IOP. The accumulating fluid exerts detrimental pressure on the delicate optic nerve, culminating in irreversible vision loss, with potential involvement of either one or both eyes.


While glaucoma primarily affects adults, it can occur less frequently in children. Notably, over 60% of pediatric glaucoma cases receive diagnoses before the age of six months, emphasizing the critical need for early detection and intervention in this vulnerable population.


ย So, how can we spot this silent thief in our little ones?


๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—™๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—–๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฒ๐˜€:


Excessive tearing: Unlike the occasional tear shed during a tantrum, persistent watering in one or both eyes, especially without crying, could be a red flag.


Light sensitivity: Does your child squint excessively or seem bothered by bright lights? This photophobia might indicate discomfort caused by glaucoma.


Cloudy or enlarged cornea: The normally clear front surface of the eye might appear hazy or unusually large in glaucomatous children.


Unequal eye size: One eye may appear noticeably bigger than the other, a symptom more commonly seen in congenital glaucoma affecting newborns.


Vision changes: While young children might not articulate vision problems clearly, watch for signs like bumping into objects, difficulty recognizing faces, or struggling with activities requiring good eyesight.



๐—œ๐—ป ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜๐˜€, ๐—ด๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐˜†๐—บ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ผ๐—บ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐˜๐—น๐—ฒ. ๐—•๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ณ๐˜‚๐—น ๐—ผ๐—ณ:


Irritability and fussiness: A baby with glaucoma might be inconsolably fussy, show poor appetite, or exhibit unusual sleep patterns due to discomfort.


Increased eye discharge: While so me discharge is normal in newborns, persistent, thick discharge could be a sign of blocked tear ducts or, in rare cases, glaucoma.

Remember:


Early diagnosis is key for proactive intervention. If you notice any of these signs, don't hesitate to consult a pediatric ophthalmologist promptly. Early intervention can prevent vision loss and ensure your child's healthy visual development.

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