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The Utility of Universal Newborn Eye Screening: A Review

ABSTRACT: Universal newborn eye screening can identify ocular abnormalities early and help mitigate long-term visual impairment. Traditional neonatal and infant eye screening is administered by neonatologists and pediatricians using the red reflex test. If this test identifies an ocular abnormality, then the patient is examined by an ophthalmologist. Notably, the red reflex test may be unable to detect amblyogenic posterior segment pathology. Recent studies using fundus imaging and telemedicine show reduced cost of human resources and increased sensitivity compared with traditional approaches. In this review, the authors discuss universal newborn eye screening pilot programs with regard to disease prevalence, referral-warranted disease, and cost-effectiveness.

Amee D. Azad, MD, MS; Ahmad Al-Moujahed, MD, PhD; Cassie A. Ludwig, MD, MS; Daniel Vail, MD; Natalia F. Callaway, MD, MS; Tatiana R. Rosenblatt, BA; Jochen Kumm, PhD; Darius M. Moshfeghi, MD (Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2021;52:S6-S16.)

Early Newborn Vision

ABSTRACT: A baby's visual abilities progress quickly during the early months of life, with sight typically becoming their most acute sense by around six months. This heightened vision plays a crucial role in the development of cognitive and social skills. Therefore, it is essential for your child's doctor to regularly assess their eyes. It is also advisable to schedule a comprehensive eye examination with a specialist within the first year, regardless of whether any vision issues are evident. Specialized tests will be used by healthcare professionals to detect and address any potential eye disorders or diseases, ensuring that your baby stays on course in their overall development.

Smiling Baby
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